Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease that affects the articular cartilage of the joint. As a result, there is a decrease in the joint space and an increase in boney development (commonly referred to as “bone spurs”). Onset typically takes years. Risk factors for developing OA include age, trauma, obesity and family history. It can develop in any JOINT but is most commonly seen in the knees, hips and hands.
What does research say about exercising with arthritis?
What type of exercise should those with arthritis do?
Those with osteoarthritis should participate in physical activity. If pain is preventing you from exercising, try to find an activity you enjoy that causes minimal pain. If it is still challenging, reach out to a professional to create a plan to manage your pain.
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Raposo, Filipe, Marta Ramos, and Ana Lúcia Cruz. "Effects of exercise on knee osteoarthritis: A systematic review." Musculoskeletal care 19.4 (2021): 399-435.
Siew-Li Goh, Monica S.M. Persson, Joanne Stocks, Yunfei Hou, Jianhao Lin, Michelle C. Hall, Michael Doherty, Weiya Zhang,Efficacy and potential determinants of exercise therapy in knee and hip osteoarthritis: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine,Volume 62, Issue 5, 2019,